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Suicide Prevention

Suicide Prevention

Risk Factors:

  • Previous suicide attempt(s)
  • Isolation and aloneness
  • Non-suicidal self-injury (e.g. cutting)
  • Mental illness including depression, conduct disorder, and substance abuse
  • Family stress/dysfunction
  • Family history of suicide
  • Environmental risks, including presence of a firearm in the home
  • Situational crises 

Warning Signs:

  • Suicidal threats in the form of direct (e.g. "I am going to kill myself") and indirect (e.g. "I wish I could fall asleep and never wake up again") statements
  • Suicide notes and plans (including online postings)
  • Making final arrangements (e.g. giving away prized possessions)
  • Preoccupation with death
  • Changes in behavior, appearance, thoughts, and/or feelings

Protective Factors:

  • Family and peer support
  • School and community connectedness
  • Healthy problem-solving skills
  • Easy access to effective medical and mental health services

Resources:

Information taken from National Association of School Psychologists website: https://www.nasponline.org/resources-and-publications/resources/school-safety-and-crisis/preventing-youth-suicide